Thursday, 29 September 2016

Copyright Act for Websites

By,
Divya



Chapter1-Images and Text

Copyright Act is to say mine is mine.
If you have created some design, content or any product, Copyright Act helps you to save your design form being copied by someone. If someone does so you have the right to fight legally for the same.

There are many parameters on the basis of which Copyright Act is followed for IT industry.


Copyright for IMAGES
• Obtaining images for a web page:
One of the basic requirements of the World Wide Web is the ability to use good quality of images, graphics to convey the information to users in very effective manner.
A sophisticated, interactive and user-friendly graphical presentation is the USP of some of the Web's most popular sites.
Image can be created by drawing or by painting with the help of automated image creation programs and tools, instead of rebuilding the image from the existing one.
Creating image from scratch also helps to portray more innovative ideas without having certain boundaries or limitations.

• Taking images from third-parties:
 "Don't steal images”, is the simple rule followed universally. The moment an original image is stored on a hard drive for the first time, it gets protected by copyright. Any unauthorized copying of a such image is the violation of the creator's copyright, unless the use is not counted as limited exceptions to the copyright law, such as "fair use." In most cases, it is unlikely that the co-operation is of an image into a commercial web-site would be considered a fair use.

• Licensed images from the Internet: Licensed images can be used. Only if the creator or copyright holder allows the same with certain policies and conditions.
For Ex. Microsoft's "Internet Explorer" logo, may be copied, but if and only if copier accepts the terms of a license defining the acceptable uses of the image. Often such licenses provide that the copier cannot alter  the image in any way and may use the image as a link only to certain designated sites.

• Free Images off the Internet: Many of the web sites also provide images which are partially licenced but can be used by others. These images may be used in a web page, as the terms proposed by the image creator are followed. Typically, these sites only require that some type of credit is given to the creator or the author, including external to the author's site. However, there remains the possibility that the images were misappropriated at some point and were not original creations of the alleged author. In these cases, use of the images may infringe the copyright rights of the original author.
COPYRIGHT for Content and Text
• Developing content or text for a web page: The guidelines for content writing/development are similar to those for obtaining images. In fact original content, developed by the writer of the web-site, may be used without copyrights. As with images, appropriating Content/text from third-parties without permission is illegal, unless there is not some exceptions like “Fair Use”. Use of third-party Content/text is in accordance with to a license agreement should be followed with the terms of the license agreement.

COPYRIGHT for Code Scripts.

Developing Java Applets, JavaScript, and ActiveX scripts:
Just like Content and images, it is a violation of copyright law to appropriate coding or scripting from someone without permission of programmer or the creator. Many parties have made their scripts and applets open source. In these cases, use is allowed as long as any requirements are  asked by the programmer are followed.